How did the Incas increase their farmland?
The Incas had to create flat land to farm since they lived in the mountains. They did this by creating terraces. Terraces were carved steps of land in the mountainside. Not only did this genius way of farming help them grow crops, it was also great for irrigation and preventing drought.
How did the Inca adapt to their environment to farm?
They adapted to their environment by using terrace farming, which was very important. … Terrace farming is when they cut steep hills and they would build rope bridges to cross the mountains.
How did the Inca get so much land?
The Incas conquered a vast territory using reciprocity or alliances. Once the Incas arrived in a new region they tried to establish a relationship with the tribe’s head. He offered gifts such as wool clothing, coca leaves and mullu (shell believed to be food for the Gods).
What system of farming did the Inca develop in order to farm in the mountains?
To solve this problem, the Inca used a system known as terrace farming. They built walls on hillsides and filled them with soil to make terraces. Terraces are wide steps on the side of mountains. Without the terraces, the mountainous landscape would have been too steep for farmers to water, plow, and harvest.
Did the Incas grow carrots?
And what crops: White, yellow and purple roots that taste like a blend of celery, cabbage and roast chestnuts. … To them the Incas were backward, and they forced the Andean natives to replace crops that had held a valued place for thousands of years with European species like wheat, barley and carrots.
What did the Inca value more than gold?
For the Incas finely worked and highly decorative textiles came to symbolize both wealth and status, fine cloth could be used as both a tax and currency, and the very best textiles became amongst the most prized of all possessions, even more precious than gold or silver.
What kind of environment did the Incas live in?
Undaunted by the often harsh Andean environment, the Incas conquered people and exploited landscapes in such diverse settings as plains, mountains, deserts, and tropical jungle.
What did the Inca use for fertilizer?
The use of guano as a fertilizer was fundamental to sustain the agricultural development of the empire and, it has been argued, was the basis for its rapid growth. The access to guano on coastal islands and its subsequent transportation to highlands provided food security for a population of more than 8 million.
What did Inca farmers use to prevent erosion of their steep hillsides?
The Incas planted trees, especially the nitrogen-fixing alder tree Alnus amcuminata, to prevent erosion, while also gaining a source of building material and fuel. Terracing was another means of minimizing erosion and also enabled farmers to maximize production on the steep slopes of the Andes.