Is Peru the master of potatoes?
The potato has been essential to the diet of Peruvians for millennia. … Today, Peru’s farmers cultivate four species of potato – Solanum tuberosum plus three other species exclusive to the Andes. Peru is also Latin America’s biggest potato producer, with a record harvest in 2007 of almost 3.4 million tonnes.
Why do Peruvians often eat a prepared clay paste with potatoes?
The Ancient Andean Tradition of Eating Clay May Have Helped To Protect Health : The Salt Farmers in Peru’s Andean highlands have been consuming clay for centuries. Scientists now think it may have allowed them to eat wild potatoes, which are rich in toxic chemicals.
Are potatoes originally from Peru?
Potato Facts: Origins of the Potato
The Inca Indians in Peru were the first to cultivate potatoes around 8,000 BC to 5,000 B.C. In 1536 Spanish Conquistadors conquered Peru, discovered the flavors of the potato, and carried them to Europe.
How much potatoes does Peru produce?
According to data from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Peru produces a large volume of potatoes per year, i.e. 4.5 million tons, unlike other products that are part of the daily diet (such as rice, cassava, and corn) or export products (such as coffee or asparagus).
Why did the potato originate in Latin America?
As well as using the food as a staple crop, the Incas thought potatoes made childbirth easier and used it to treat injuries. The Spanish conquistadors first encountered the potato when they arrived in Peru in 1532 in search of gold, and noted Inca miners eating chuñu.
What country masters of potatoes?
The Incas were masters of plant domestication, especially potatoes. Their development of the potato was remarkable: from 8 species of weeds having toxic tubers to more than 3000 distinct potato varieties.