What dominates South America?
Physical Geography. The far-reaching Andes Mountains and the massive Amazon River system dominate South America’s physical geography. The five-thousand-mile-long Andes Mountain chain extends along the entire western region of the continent from Venezuela to southern Chile.
Who controlled the eastern side of South America?
South America was colonized exclusively by two main Iberian powers: Spain colonized the western part of the South America, and Portugal colonized the east coast of what is present-day Brazil.
What is the most dominant country in South America?
Brazil is South America’s most influential country, a rising economic power and one of the world’s biggest democracies. Over the past few years it has made major strides in its efforts to raise millions out of poverty, although the gap between rich and poor remains wide.
Cape Horn, Spanish Cabo de Hornos, steep rocky headland on Hornos Island, Tierra del Fuego Archipelago, southern Chile. Located off the southern tip of mainland South America, it was named Hoorn for the birthplace of the Dutch navigator Willem Corneliszoon Schouten, who rounded it in 1616.
Why is South America called the Land of Superlatives?
South America is a land of superlatives. It has quite different types of landform, climate and vegetation. There is a small portion of land for farming but this is an agricultural continent. … Tourism is developing as an important economic activity because this continent is the continent of superlatives.
Why is South America called the land of extremes?
In geographic terms, it has some of the hottest, driest deserts in the world (the Atacama and Sonoran deserts) while having the largest rain-forest in the world (the Amazon). This too applies to several other physical features.
Why did South America not develop?
No country in Latin America can be named developed, although a few are higher-middle income. One important reason for this large gap is protectionism. … During this period, East Asia was fully into export promotion, tax incentives to exporters, low trade barriers, less protectionism, and fewer controls and regulations.
Who has the best military in South America?
In 2021,Venezuela led the ranking of countries with the largest number of active military personnel in Latin America and the Caribbean, with 345,000 soldiers. It was followed by Brazil with 334,500 military personnel.
|Characteristic||Number of personnel|