What effect does the Peru Current have on the climate of the western coast of South America?

Which current would affect the climate on the west coast of South America?

How do ocean currents affect climates? Every 2 to 12 years, the South Pacific trade winds move less warm water to the western Pacific than they usually do. Thus, surface-water temperatures along the coast of South America rise. Gradually, this warming spreads westward.

What happens to the Peru Current as it reaches the equator?

The direction of cold air generally moves to the equator while warm air moves to the poles. … It goes from cool to warm as it gets closer to the equator. What happens to the peru current as it reaches the equator? The West Wind Drift flows to the east.

What is the elevation and climate of the land in western South America?

Answer: in western south America the elevations change rapidly before the moutians it is about 200m in the moutians in the Chile are it is 2000m to 4000m. the climate also change with the elivation it gets colder the higher up and warmer the further down though it is probably more so warm due to the equator.

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What is the elevation of the land in western South America?

At 22,831 feet (6,959 metres) above sea level, Mount Aconcagua, in Argentina, near the border with Chile, is not only the continent’s highest point but also the highest elevation in the Western Hemisphere.

South America.

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Valdés Peninsula Argentina seals, whales

Why is Peru so arid on the West?

Its extreme aridity is caused by the upwelling of cold coastal waters and subtropical atmospheric subsidence, but it is also subject to occasional flooding during El Niño years. In 1728, the town of Sechura was destroyed by a tsunami and was later rebuilt in its present location.

How does the Humboldt ocean current impact the western coast of South America?

The Humboldt Current is a cold water current that flows northward from Antarctica, along the western coast of South America. This current creates an upwelling of nutrients along the coast. These nutrients are responsible for creating a highly productive ecosystem that is rich in biodiversity.

Which country is most affected by the Humboldt Current?

Named after the Prussian naturalist Alexander von Humboldt, the current originates in the southern tip of Chile and flows north to Peru and then west along the equator, bathing the Galapagos archipelago. The current has an impacting cooling influence in the climates of the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador and Peru.

Which current is cold current?

List of Ocean Currents of the World

Name of Current Nature of Current
Antarctica Current Cold
Okhotsk Current Cold
Florida Current Warm
Gulf Stream Warm
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How fast is the Florida Current?

The velocity of the current is fastest near the surface, with the maximum speed typically about 5.6 miles per hour (nine kilometers per hour). The average speed of the Gulf Stream, however, is four miles per hour (6.4 kilometers per hour).

Why is California cold now?

The water along the coast of California is cold for a couple of reasons. First, the California Current brings cold water from Alaska southward along the coast. And second, cold water from the deep ocean comes up to the surface through a process called upwelling. … So water from the deep ocean is sucked to the surface.

Is Agulhas current warm or cold?

One of the fastest-flowing currents in any ocean, it reaches an estimated top speed of 5.8 miles (9.3 km) per hour off the southeast coast of South Africa. Because it is fed from lower latitudes, the Agulhas Current is warm, ranging in temperature from 57 to 79 °F (14 to 26 °C) at the surface.

Why do cold currents move toward the equator?

The cold currents often form when the air on the subtropical high blows over a cold mass of water, then the cold air is dragged to the equator. … They form when salty cold water becomes heavy and sinks, in the process forcing warm and lighter water to move in the opposite direction.