When did Colombia start drug trafficking?

Is drug trafficking a major problem in Colombia?

Drug trafficking has been the fuel for violence in Colombia for decades, especially given its ability to provide economic resources for internal conflict. In its initial phases, the intensity of the conflict was relatively low, but it exploded between 1990 and 2010, as did the drug trade.

Who is the biggest drug lord 2020?

After the arrest of Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán, the cartel is now headed by Ismael Zambada García (aka El Mayo) and Guzmán’s sons, Alfredo Guzmán Salazar, Ovidio Guzmán López and Ivan Archivaldo Guzmán Salazar. As of 2021, the Sinaloa Cartel remains Mexico’s most dominant drug cartel.

What Colombian cartels are still active?

The most active Mexican cartel in Colombian territory is the Sinaloa Cartel, which partners with the National Liberation Army (ELN, in Spanish), dissidents of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC, in Spanish), and the criminal gang Clan del Golfo, the news agency Reuters reported.

Who is the biggest drug cartel in Colombia now?

The Norte del Valle cartel is estimated to have exported more than 1.2 million pounds – or 500 metric tons – of cocaine worth in excess of $10 billion from Colombia to Mexico and ultimately to the United States for resale in past year.

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Is Colombia a narco state?

Other well-known examples are Mexico, Colombia, and Guinea-Bissau, where drug cartels produce, ship and sell drugs such as cocaine and marijuana. The term is often seen as ambiguous because of the differentiation between narco-states.

What drugs are illegal in Colombia?

A Colombian police officer shows bags with marijuana seized during raids in Cali, Valle del Cauca department, Colombia, on March 9, 2012. Colombia has decriminalized cocaine and marijuana, saying that people cannot be jailed for possessing the drugs for personal use.

Who is the most wanted drug lord now?

Caro Quintero is at the top of the DEA’s Most Wanted list, with a $20 million reward for his capture. López Obrador said Wednesday the legal appeal that led to Caro Quintero’s release was “justified” because supposedly no verdict had been handed down against the drug lord after 27 years in jail.