Who ruled Venezuela before independence?

Who colonized Venezuela first?

Spain’s colonization of mainland Venezuela started in 1522, establishing its first permanent South American settlement in the present-day city of Cumaná. In the 16th century, Venezuela was contracted as a concession by the King of Spain to the German Welser banking family (Klein-Venedig, 1528–1546).

Who was the first dictator of Venezuela?

State of Venezuela (1830–1864)

President of the State of Venezuela
Conservative Party (7) Liberal Party (3) Independent (1) Military government (3)
1 José Antonio Páez (1790–1873) 1 (1831–35)
2 Andrés Narvarte (1781–1853)
3 José María Vargas (1786–1854) 2 (1835–39)

Who Conquered Venezuela?

Spanish expeditions led by Columbus and Alonso de Ojeda reached the coast of present-day Venezuela in 1498 and 1499. The first colonial exploitation was of the pearl oysters of the “Pearl Islands”.

Is Venezuela safe for tourists?

You should know that Venezuela is not safe for tourists. The US State Department has released an issue for all tourists to reconsider travel to Venezuela due to crime, civil unrest, poor health infrastructure, and detention of U.S. citizens. … Avoid traveling to certain neighborhoods of Caracas due to crime.

Who is famous from Venezuela?

Famous people from Venezuela

  • Hugo Chávez. Politician. …
  • Simón Bolívar. Politician. …
  • Rafael Trujillo. Politician. …
  • Nicolás Maduro. Politician. …
  • Pastor Maldonado. Racing driver. …
  • Carlos the Jackal. Man. …
  • Henrique Capriles Radonski. Politician. …
  • Carolina Herrera. Fashion Designer.
THIS IS IMPORTANT:  How long can you work in Colombia without a visa?

When did Venezuela become a dictatorship?

Venezuela saw ten years of military dictatorship from 1948 to 1958. After the 1948 Venezuelan coup d’état brought an end to the three-year experiment in democracy (“El Trienio Adeco”), a triumvirate of military personnel controlled the government until 1952, when it held presidential elections.

What does the name Venezuela mean?

Early History: On his third voyage to the New World in 1498, Christopher Columbus discovered Venezuela, which Alonso de Ojeda and Amerigo Vespucci explored the next year. The early explorers named the country “Venezuela” (Spanish for little Venice) because they found inhabitants living in stilt houses in lakes.

Why did Venezuela leave Gran Colombia?

Gran Colombia was dissolved in 1831 due to the political differences that existed between supporters of federalism and centralism, as well as regional tensions among the peoples that made up the republic. It broke into the successor states of Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela; Panama was separated from Colombia in 1903.

Did Venezuela ever colonize another country?

Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 despite resistance from indigenous peoples. It became the first Spanish American colony to declare independence (in 1811), but did not securely establish independence until 1821 (as a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia, gaining full independence in 1830).