You asked: What is the main ecosystem in Chile?

What biome is Chile?

Chilean Matorral

Chilean Matorral (NT1201)
Biome Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub
Borders Atacama Desert, Central Andean dry puna, Southern Andean steppe, and Valdivian temperate forests
Geography
Area 148,500 km2 (57,300 sq mi)

Is Chile a biodiversity hotspot?

Chile possesses around 30,000 species, 25% of which are endemic. The central and southern zones of the country are considered a global biodiversity hotspot and among the most threatened.

What is the animal and plant life like in Chile?

Animals that can be found in Chile’s diverse landscapes include guanacos, vicunas, alpacas, armadillos, foxes, opossums, pudu (deer) and Patagonian pumas. The national animal of Chile is the North Andean huemul or taruca.

What is Chile famous for?

Even though Chile is internationally known for its succulent red wines and its devilish pisco, Chile also has a strong and diverse beer culture!

How cold does Chile get?

In the summer average temperature can climb to 16.5 °C (62 °F), while during winter the temperature can drop below 7 °C (45 °F).

Why is Chile so cold?

Chile is in the southern hemisphere. The climate varies tremendously from north to south. The north has a desert climates with some of the earth’s driest places. … Coastal Chile is much cooler than the interior valleys, despite the narrowness of the country, due to the influence of the cold Humboldt current.

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Why are some countries called hotspots?

Yet biodiversity hotspots are, by definition, in a conservation crisis. To be classified as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must have lost at least 70 percent of its original natural vegetation, usually due to human activity. There are over 30 recognized biodiversity hotspots in the world.

Does Chile have a jungle?

The Valdivian temperate rainforest of Chile and Argentina covers approximately 166,248 sq km. It is the 2nd largest of 5 temperate rainforests in the world and is the only one in South America. Of the estimated 141,120 km2 of original Valdivian forest existing at the time of European contact, only about 40% remains.