How did the Inca farm steep slopes?
The steep slopes of the mountains limited the amount of fertile land that could be used for farming. … To solve this problem, the Inca used a system known as terrace farming. They built walls on hillsides and filled them with soil to make terraces. Terraces are wide steps on the side of mountains.
How did the Incas use terracing?
They developed resilient breeds of crops such as potatoes, quinoa and corn. They built cisterns and irrigation canals that snaked and angled down and around the mountains. And they cut terraces into the hillsides, progressively steeper, from the valleys up the slopes.
What did the Incas use to prevent natural disasters?
Over 500 years ago, when Incan workers built Machu Picchu, they devised an ingenious building technique to prevent building collapse during Peru’s frequent earthquakes. It worked a little like an ancient form of Legos: Every stone fit together perfectly without any mortar.
Why did Incas use terrace farming on Machu Picchu?
The Incas carved out these bench terraces, or andenes, to create level platforms for growing crops on the steep slopes of the Andes. The bench terraces shown here are located at Machu Picchu and would have been used to provide maize or potatoes for this remote city.
What did the Incas do to prevent erosion?
The Incas planted trees, especially the nitrogen-fixing alder tree Alnus amcuminata, to prevent erosion, while also gaining a source of building material and fuel. Terracing was another means of minimizing erosion and also enabled farmers to maximize production on the steep slopes of the Andes.
Did the Incas grow carrots?
And what crops: White, yellow and purple roots that taste like a blend of celery, cabbage and roast chestnuts. … To them the Incas were backward, and they forced the Andean natives to replace crops that had held a valued place for thousands of years with European species like wheat, barley and carrots.
What did the Inca value more than gold?
For the Incas finely worked and highly decorative textiles came to symbolize both wealth and status, fine cloth could be used as both a tax and currency, and the very best textiles became amongst the most prized of all possessions, even more precious than gold or silver.
What technique did the Incas use to keep food longer from getting rotten?
Andean cooking helped as well
Andean cooking methods also helped to preserve foods. Pachamanca, the amazing Andean method of slowly roasting over hot rocks in covered pits, creates delicious meals; it also helps cooked foods and meats to last for longer periods of time.
Why potatoes were a good crop for the Inca to farm?
Resilient and sturdy the potato is suitable for cultivation at many different altitudes depending on the species and quickly became a staple part of their diet. The Incas quickly learned that the potato was ideal to be stored through a process of dehydrating and mashing the potatoes into a substance called chuñu.